An ambitious purpose on innovation, a synergised ecosystem and a ‘bridge’ between research and commercialization – these are among the elements needed for Malaysia to pull ahead in the region and achieve its ambition to be among the top 20 most innovative nations by 2030 in the Global Innovation Index, said Malaysian Research Accelerator for Technology and Innovation (MRANTI) on Tuesday.
MRANTI said in a statement Malaysia is currently ranked 36, and correspondingly, gross domestic product (GDP) growth is currently significantly lower than its potential output level with a gap of 49 percent.
Cited the Malaysia Knowledge Economy Study, it said every 1 per cent increase in innovation capacity increases a country’s GDP per capita by 0.36 per cent.
For Malaysia, it said an increase in innovation production could translate to $1.21 billion additional to its GDP of USD336 billion, even as the 12th Malaysia Plan has outlined innovation as a key enabler in economic growth.
In the first of a series of industry discussions aimed at fostering tighter synergy in the ecosystem, initiated by MRANTI, panel experts said that Malaysia has incredible potential, but it needs tighter collaboration within the innovation ecosystem that will support its success.
Furthermore, a strong technology transfer office mechanism between academia, government and investors to accelerate innovation to commercialization is needed.
While as much as 80 percent of research in Malaysia today is being conducted in Malaysia’s higher learning institutions, it cited WIPO data and said just over 9,000 patent applications were made in Malaysia between 2013 and now.
However, it said this is a fraction of the 120,000 research publications Malaysia has produced in the same period.
“To be absolutely candid, our ecosystem is still fragmented. Our Return on Ideas, or ROI, is not yet where it should be. This is why we need to ask ourselves some hard questions: Why aren’t we innovating enough? And, even though we have so much talent, the private sector is still not investing enough in research and development (R&D) – why?” said Dzuleira Abu Bakar, Chief Executive Officer of MRANTI.
“As an ecosystem, we have come a long way, but there’s so much more that needs to be done. True innovative spirit most cannot be unleashed by an inaccessible and fragmented ecosystem. Lack of funding access, limited resources including skilled talent, and policies that have yet to catch up to potential are just few of the many areas that need to be urgently addressed,
“Many of our research and higher education institutes produce amazing discoveries every year. They publish many research papers and discover great inventions in their labs and R&D facilities. We have some amazing talent in our academia,
“But that’s where they stay. Many do not go on to commercialization, because they do not have access to funding or expertise to scale, and many struggle to file patents, which can be complex and take years,” she added.
According to MRANTI, Malaysia’s commercialization rate is only at an estimated 5 to 10 percent currently, compared to some highly-developed economies like Japan or the United States, where commercialization rates are as high as 60 percent.
Meanwhile, Cancer Research Malaysia Chief Scientist Officer Teo Soo-Hwang said that the critical infrastructure to enable success in commercialization is not yet fully-developed in Malaysia.
She added that many of the world’s most esteemed education institutions not only have great academic units, but also commercialization units, expertise and funding that enable them to commercialize their research.
“It is this confluence of manpower and funding that we absolutely need in Malaysia. Cancer Research Malaysia and other research institutions have already shown that we can produce cutting edge research, some of which is ready for commercialization, but we need more support in order to commercialize,” she said.
Furthermore, she added, Malaysia needs its “big innovation purpose”, and to be clear as to what innovation areas to work on, and Malaysia can offer on the world stage in order to attract the talent, investment and recognition it needs to achieve its ambitions.
“What do we do well above the rest that will allow us to stand out? For example, Cancer Research Malaysia has focused on research in Asians and in that way, we have brought a value proposition to an international platform – it is clear that we need to continue to be clear about how we are unique and excel in these areas,” she said.
Universiti Malaya Vice Chancellor Mohd Hamdi Abd Shukor also said a lot of academic research is for the purpose of fundamental discovery but these do not necessarily need or can be commercialized.
“More work needs to be done is in applied and industry research, where problems can be met with solutions,” he said.
According to him, researchers often have difficulties in wearing the many hats needed in the commercialization journey.
“What we’re asking professors to do, when they have a patent, is to ‘spin-off’ into different roles; opening up a company, for example. And I’ve seen this end in failure a lot. Sustainability is an issue. It’s clear that this method is not working. Researchers are not always businessmen, and they should be building capacity in research. Taking the patent through into the business world should be done by the experts in business,” he added.
He also noted that the professor cannot be the researcher, entrepreneur and venture capitalist at the same time.
“We need to look at the entire value chain again (to better mark out roles and responsibilities),” he said.
As for Thomas G Tsao, Founding Partner of venture capital firm Gobi Partners, an initiative like MRANTI is much needed.
“As a venture capital firm, we welcome any initiatives that encourage more collaboration and communication. We welcome partnerships. What MRANTI is doing here, bringing together stakeholders who weren’t necessarily talking to each other in the past, is fantastic,” he said.
Gobi has invested in 27 early-stage startups in Malaysia, and also has its ASEAN headquarters in Malaysia.
In this respect, Dzuleira said that MRANTI is working to be that connector between the various stakeholders in the ecosystem, functioning as a single platform, or “glue” between the key players in the ecosystem.
“This is one of many more engagement sessions with the ecosystem. We will drive continuous innovation, and be the one-stop research commercialization agency with the resources to accelerate the commercialization of innovative ideas and concepts to impact,
“We connect problem statements with solutions, bridging collaboration between public and private sectors to increase private sector participation, either through market access, investment, advisory or consultation and facilities for testing and prototyping,” she said.
According to the statement, MRANTI will also connect researchers to the industry, and in doing so, ramp up the number of research or innovations that can be commercialized. It will also be working closely with the Ministry of Science, Technology and Information (MOSTI) and the Economic Planning Unit (EPU) in Malaysia with the vision to play a critical role in bringing together the private and public sectors.
“However, MRANTI’s mandate is not a silver bullet. There will be no magic trick involved. Instead, what will truly be the ingredient for success is consistent, persistent and structured engagement among all stakeholders, so that everyone is united in this journey towards commercialization,
“MRANTI believes that the national GDP will improve, more jobs can be created, and Malaysia will attract more foreign investment, to ensure products and solutions are more affordable, available and accessible towards improving quality of life for all Malaysians, and to ensure Malaysia becomes a high-tech, high-income nation,” she said.